Black Grouper

An offshore species, Black Grouper adults are typically associated with reefs, rocky bottoms and drop off walls in water over 60’ deep, though some have been found in greater depths, feeding on fish and squid.  Black Groupers have olive or gray body coloration with black blotches and brassy spots and are similar in appearance to yellowfin and gag groupers.  They have a gently rounded preopercle.  Young black grouper  may occur inshore in shallow water.  Black Grouper spawn between May and August and they are protogynous hermaphrodites, meaning that young predominantly female who transform into males as they grow larger.  Grouper fishing from a boat typically involves baits fished near the bottom, with heavy tackle and heavier to bring grouper to the surface. Live fish or dead cut or whole bait are used. 


Fishing Method - Bottom fishing and sometimes trolling

Tackle - Use a 30 to 50 lb class boat rod with a 4/0 to 6/0 baitcaster reel and 30 to 50 lb mono line, 3 to 8 oz sinker and 2/0 to 6/0 hook for bottom fishing. For trolling, use an 80 lb class rod with a 0/0 baitcaster reel, 80 lb mono line, heavy wire leader and 10/0 hook.

Bait - Fish, squid, worms, shrimps, clams, and crab for bottom fishing. Also use plugs, spinners, spoons, and feathers for trolling.